structures that have at some point held the title of tallest structure in London. However, unemployment and emigration were high. Their spokesmen, such as Jonathan Swift and Edmund Burke, sought more local control. The first Norman knight landed in Ireland in 1167, followed by the main forces of Normans, Welsh and Flemings. Spire London 235 / Residential West India Quay 168 Replaces two proposals on this site - Columbus Tower and Hertsmere Tower. 20 Irish scholars excelled in the study of Latin learning and Christian theology in the monasteries that flourished shortly thereafter. Free State and Republic (1922present) edit Main articles: History of the Republic of Ireland, Irish Free State, Republic of Ireland, and Names of the Irish state Political map of Ireland The treaty to sever the Union divided the republican movement.